Networking.Simulator.Boiler is a part of the proof of concept with the aim of verifying that the reactive communication implemented using the
Networking.SemanticData library is well suited to deploy Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm for highly distributed applications. A set of unmanned boilers spread geographically, which have to be monitored and remotely controlled is used as an example in this proof of concept. It is assumed that they produce a lot of process data describing the state and behavior of each boiler. In case some alarms have been raised a serviceman must be called to investigate and fix the problem. So we are facing the following problems:
Mobility – the serviceman must be informed in any localization in the service area (say agglomeration)
Navigation – the serviceman must be routed from the place currently he is to the affected area
Remote control – the serviceman must be able to control remotely the industrial object (in this case the boiler) to avoid any catastrophic behavior
Data reusability – the data must be also available and shared by others helping him minimize danger and fix the problem in the shortest possible time
The main goal of this proof of concept is to demonstrate the feasibility of process data generation and publication using PubSub reactive networking concept against selected OPC UA Information Model. It also demonstrates how to design the pluggable software module dedicated to implementing the Producer role that is developed solely on top of the library Reactive Networking of Semantic-Data Library.
By design it is composable component of the
ReferenceApplication. This component may be integrated with the
ReferenceApplication as the
The source code of the OPC UA Information Model is added to the project and is located in the folder
UAInformationModel. The folder also contains the solution file that can be opened using the Address Space Model Designer [ 2]. A detailed description of the OPC UA Information Model deployment is covered by .
This example considers a real process in a boiler producing steam from water. The piping and instrumentation diagram (P&ID) in Figure 1 shows the piping and process equipment together with the instrumentation and control devices. It consists of an input pipe feeding water, a boiler drum producing steam that is carried away by an output pipe. To meet the process requirements, flow and level controllers use a valve on the input pipe to control water flow in the feedback loop.
One purpose of this example is to illustrate modeling against OPC UA Information Model. A simplified model of the presented process is illustrated in Figure 2 showing part of an OPC UA Information Model where the
BoilerType type is defined.
Objects of this type are complex and consist of the following components:
CustomController. For all of these objects corresponding types are defined.
To reflect the process behavior, a
FlowTo reference type is used to interconnect relevant objects and provide clients short browsing paths. It is derived from
NonHierarchicalReferences (Figure 3) what is exposed in the Address Space of the server. It is good illustration how the requirements that server should expose the OPC UA Information Model are realized in the practice, i.e. the server exposes the types as nodes using predefined layout merging all selected Information Model domains. It is also worth noting that we can find the same type definition in many places in the Address Space (e.g. Figure 2 , Figure 3 , and Figure 4 ).
BoilerType can be instantiated every time a new boiler process is to be represented. As a result of instantiation of this type, all mandatory node chains referenced consecutively by the
HierarchicalReferences in the forward direction (i.e. all components defined in Figure 2 and all their subcomponents) are instantiated as well.
Analyzing the whole process model is impractical here. To illustrate the design practice using this model, we will focus only on one selected brand of type definition inheritance hierarchy (see Figure 4). The whole model is added to the project and is located in the folder 'UAInformationModel'. The folder also contains the solution file that can be opened using the Address Space Model Designer [ 2].
The model of the
BoilerInputPipeType consists of two mandatory object components:
Valve001) (Figure 5). After parent type instantiation, they are also created as components of that type and, therefore, called instance declaration. The newly created nodes have the same browse names (
Valve001) and display names (
Valve) as in the type definition. Since browse names shall be unique in the context of the parent type definition, new nodes may be created without any fear of breaking the browse path uniqueness rules. A graphical element programmed against the
BoilerType may need to display the value of the
Valve. If the main graphical element is called
Boiler1 (an instance of
BoilerType) it will need to refer to the target using the browse path:
Boiler1.Pipe001.Valve001. This browse path is always unique, because the browse name of the created main object should be unique in the context it is located in and all instance declarations should have unique browse names in the context of types they are defined by.
FlowTransmiter1 is of
FlowTransmitterType type, which indirectly inherits from
GenericSensorType, based finally on the standard
GenericSensorType has a component, namely an
Output variable of the standard
AnalogItemType, which has three properties:
EngineeringUnits, but only
EURange is mandatory.
EngineeringUnits are optional, therefore should be created if needed. In the case of optional instance declaration, clients are responsible for examining the exposed Address Space to check if the predefined nodes are instantiated.
After instantiation of the
BoilerType and adding reference to it in the
Objects.BoilersArea folder, we obtain the Address Space presented in Figure 5 exposed by the server to clients. It should be noted that objects could have names other than in the definition. It is because each node in the Information Model has
DisplayName attribute that contains the localized name of the node. Clients should use this attribute if they want to display the node name to the user. They should not use the browse name for this purpose. In this example only mandatory nodes have been instantiated.
[ 1] Mariusz Postol. OPC UA Information Model Deployment, 2016. Version 1.2, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2586616